Programmer profession

The main task of a programmer is to develop algorithms and computer programs. Of course, there are a great many options and types of programs, and in order to better explain what programmers do, we will give three of their main specializations:

Application programmers - create software for solving various problems (editors, games, accounting programs, CRM systems, etc.).
Web programmers (most often, these are PHP programmers) - the Internet - create sites, programs for managing systems of sites or online stores, etc.
System programmers - develop operating systems and shells for databases, as well as solve other similar problems.
The profession of a programmer is quite multifaceted. The names of specialists often depend on the language or technology in which they develop programs. For example, there are programmers Java, Delphi, Python, 1C , Android, JavaScript, etc.

Places of work

Nowadays, programmers are in demand almost everywhere. The position of a software engineer may exist:
In a "regular" enterprise.
In an IT company that is professionally engaged in programming.
Also, programmers can work freelance, completing temporary orders for companies that are not ready to hire employees for permanent work.

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History of the profession

The first program for the analytical engine was written back in 1843 by the daughter of George Byron, Countess Ada Augusta Lovelace, and the first programmable computer started working in 1941. It was launched (and at the same time invented the first programming language) by a German engineer Konrad Zuse.

The profession of a programmer became a prestigious and well-paid profession in the 1970s, and with the advent and development of the Internet, a huge number of specializations in programming were added.

Programmer's Day, celebrated on September 13th.

Responsibilities of the programmer

Depending on the specialization and tasks to be solved, the job responsibilities of a programmer can vary significantly. Let's highlight the main ones:
Design and development of software.
Software implementation and organization of correct interaction with other programs.
Software support and assistance to technical support specialists in eliminating errors.
Sometimes the functions of a programmer include software testing, but more often it is testers who do it .

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Requirements for the programmer

The requirements of employers for a programmer can also vary, but the main ones are something like this:

Knowledge of technologies and programming languages ​​required for work (for example, SQL, PHP, HTML, etc.).
Experience in creating programs.
Ability to compose and read technical specifications.
Ability to understand someone else's code.
Knowledge of auxiliary programs (for example, version control systems).
The range of what a programmer should know often includes proficiency in English at the level of reading technical documentation and an understanding of the scope of the company.

How to become a programmer

A computer programmer is one of the few professions of an intellectual orientation where a higher education diploma is not a decisive factor in hiring. Usually people do not ask how to become a programmer, they just try to create something of their own and when applying for a job they already have a portfolio that they can show to the employer.

Nevertheless, graduating from the university as a software engineer will not be superfluous - almost all large companies require a higher education.

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